Author’s Note: These definitions are quoted and paraphrased within the parameters of definitions listed through the Philosophical Dictionary.
philosophy (fi-lah-suh-fee): literally love of wisdom; the study of the fundamental workings of the world for the sake of human knowledge and conduct.
catharsis (kah-thahr-siss): the process of “releasing destructive emotions through appreciation of an aesthetic experience”
epistemology (ah-piss-tah-mah-lah-gee): the study that “investigates the possibility, origins, nature, and extent of human knowledge
cojito (koh-jee-toh): “I think therefore I am.”
memory (me-mo-ree): the capacity to recall past experience and information to the present
existence (ek-sis-tenz): the process of actual being at any instance of time
determinism (deh-tur-men-ism): the concept that every occurrence in life is predetermined to occur based on a previous occurrence
fatalism (fayt-al-ism): the concept that every occurrence in life is bound to happen based on the power of fate
dualism (dool-ism): the concept that mental things and physical things are fundamentally distinct kinds of entities.
fallacy (fah-lah-cee): a mistake in reasoning, or an argument that doesn’t prove its conclusion but sounds convincing.
existentialism (eksis-tensh-alism): the twentieth-century concept that emphasizes the importance of individual existence over any idea of “presumed natural essence of human beings.”
compatibilism (com=patah=bihl-ism): the concept that causal determinism functions alongside the freedom of morally responsible of human conduct
humanism (hue-men-ism): the concept that human beings are the source of natural value and can understand the natural world through nothing more than rational thought
ethics (eth-iks): “branch of philosophy concerned with the evaluation of human conduct.”
identity (eye-den-tittee): “the logical relation of numerical sameness, in which each thing stands only to itself” i.e. the logicial conclusion that everything is what it is and not anything else
action theory (ak-chen thu-ree): theory concerned with understanding the relation between choice or volition and the ethical significance of actions.
empirical (em-pier-icahl): based on the information and experience gained through the senses.
empiricism (em-pier-isism): the concept that the truth of the natural world can only be obtained by experience as it stems from ideas and knowledge.
freedom (free-dum): the human capacity to act or not to act as we please without external influence.
hedonism (heh-donn-ism): the concept that human beings act in the best interests of themselves; maximizing happiness through calculated actions
Word Count: 370